Everything you need to know about Pradhanmantri Awas Yojana
Idea and Inception: The idea of
Purpose of Pradhan Mantri Awas Y
The main purpose of this Yojana is very much focused and target oriented where the target involves
Two Categories of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana:
The scheme of PMAY has been divided into two categories:
- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana –Gramin
- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Urban
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Gramin
PMAY–G – The key purpose of this scheme is fundamentally “from Houses to Homes”. On November 20, 2016 The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY–G).
The new Rural Housing program was planned and designed to meet the needs and aspirations of millions of people who can’t afford to build a house due to lack of money. The initiative is about making the basics right like living a peaceful life in a safe place that people can say it’s their home with all basic facilities available. The architectural plan of the houses are very compact and straight forward like every home will have cooking area, toilet, electricity connection, proper water supply along with living room and bed room, and off course the beneficiaries of this scheme can plan their houses as per their requirement.
Along with this scheme several training programs have been incorporated to meet a critical skill requirement for quality construction.
The toughest job was to select the rightful beneficiaries and it was done through using Socio Economic Census (SECC) data who was responsible to find out who are homeless or in 0, 1, 2 Kuccha rooms with Kuccha roof. This data provided by SECC was validated by Gram Sabha and by the involvement of the space technology the actual needy people were validated.
Though according to CAG’s Performance Audit Report, 2014 lot of ineligible beneficiaries covered under Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY). And it has been taken care of by the 3 filter selection process under PMAY-G. A total of 44 lakh houses were approved for 2016-17 and the Ministry of Rural Development is working hard to complete all of them by December 2017. A completion period of 6 to 12 months is being followed in PMAY-G. Very surprisingly As per the reports received from the States, a total of 32.14 lakh houses have been completed in 2016-17.
As part of the Governance Reform, Funding process has been structured and streamlined and there is now a Single Nodal Account at the State level from where funds are directly transferred electronically on the AwaasSoft-PFMS platform to the beneficiary’s account, which was anywhere between 2 to 20 Bank accounts in every District for the Rural Housing program earlier,.
States like Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Assam have taken the lead in the implementation of the PMAY-G. States like Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Maharashtra have done well in completing a very large number of incomplete Indira Awaas Yojana houses.
It was responsibility of the Department of Rural Development plans to complete 51 lakh houses in 2017-18 that was completed successfully. An additional 33 lakh houses was also being sanctioned for 2017-18 that has also seen the day of the light. A similar number is proposed to be completed in 2018-19 and that will bring the completion of the period 2016-19 target of 1.35 crore houses. This will pave the way for Housing for All by 2022.
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban
PMAY- U : The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Program was initiated by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA), they have a clear goal providing housing for All by 2022, when the India completes 75 years of its Independence. This highly focused mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following program categories:
- Rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with
participationof private developers using land as a resource and using local materials and local manpower resources
- Provision of Affordable Housing for
weakersection through credit linked subsidy
- Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors
- Subsidy for “beneficiary-led” individual house construction/enhancement
Making India Proud:
The mission will support